When you have a missing that is very conspicuous which lessens your self-confidence and makes you feel uncomfortable when you eat or talk, maybe it’s time for you to consider having a dental implant. Dental implants are made of titanium which is surgically drilled into the jawbone. This makes dental implants more secure and holds for a longer period than other restoration procedures, like bridges.
Dental implants are being done by periodontists and oral surgeons. Normally, the procedure is relatively comfortable since it is being carried out under local anaesthesia. There are 40 types of dental implants known in the world of dentistry. Here are some of the most common types of dental implants that you can choose from:
Single tooth replacement: one titanium implant supports a single crown which is being placed in the same position as the single missing tooth.
Multiple tooth replacements: multiple implant supporting fixed bridgework that can accommodate a minimum of two missing teeth or multiple implants that can replace the full set of the arch ( 4-8 implants) or a complete set of fixed bridgework that can replace the entire jawline supporting 10 or more crowns.
Over-dentures: when two or implants are needed to make the denture more stable and preserve the healthy bones beneath the gum line, over-dentures are being placed. Over-denture is far more hygienic and promotes oral health better than the traditional full dentures. This is because most traditional full dentures are being placed directly to the gum and the bone beneath it, which causes bone loss over time. On the other hand, over-dentures have implants where the crowns can be attached which prevent bone loss and other gum problems.
Anchorage for tooth movement (orthodontics): titanium posts are being implanted which serves as a very stable anchor which facilitates quicker and easier tooth movement.
Temporary bridgework: in this type of implants, mini-implants are being used as a temporary support to the main implant. When the permanent implants are healed and the teeth become stable, the mini-implants can be removed.
Your dentist is the best person who can identify what kind of implant you will need. Be aware that before you undergo dental implants, you must have healthy gums and bone to hold the implant in place. If your bone is too thin or too soft to hold the implant, you may undergo bone grafting first. If there is no adequate bone height in the upper jaw or the sinuses are very near the jawline, you may need a sinus lift.